Boste rekli father's, fathers ali fathers' car?

Boste rekli father’s, fathers ali fathers’ car?

Tečaj angleščine vam bo pomagal usvojiti nove strukture in osvežiti, kar ste že znali. Boste rekli father’s, fathers ali fathers’ car?

Katero obliko boste izbrali?

Primer 1:

  • I was never allowed to drive my fathers’ car.
  • I was never allowed to drive my father’s car.
  • I was never allowed to drive my fathers car.
Kliknite za pravilni odgovor.
Pravilno:

I was never allowed to drive my father’s car.

Edninskemu samostalniku dodamo ‘s: my father’s car, Jane’s brother, school’s principle.
Primer 2:

  • I lived in my parent’s house for 10 years.
  • I lived in my parents house for 10 years.
  • I lived in my parents’ house for 10 years.
Kliknite za pravilni odgovor.
Pravilno:

I lived in my parents’ house for 10 years.

Samostalniku v množninski obliki dodamo : my parents’ house, umbrellas’ handles,  witches’ hats…
Primer 3

  • We renovated the children room.
  • We renovated the children’s room.
  • We renovated the hildrens’ room.
Kliknite za pravilni odgovor.
Pravilno:

We renovated the children’s room.

Množinskemu samostalniku nepravilne oblike dodamo ‘s: the children’s room, women’s issues, teeth’s cavities…

Kaj še moramo vedeti pri tvorbi svojilnega s’?

1. Svojilni ‘s se navadno ne uporablja z drugim določnim členom:

the car that is John’s  = John’s car

in NE: the John’s car.

2. Svojilni ‘s lahko uporabljamo tudi brez samostalnika:

Whose is that backapack? That backpack is Peter’s.

3. Svojilni ‘s uporabljamo v povezavi s »storitvenimi« poklici in domovi ljudi:

Janice is at the hairdresser’s. (pri frizerju)

We had a nice time at Joe and Sue’s last night. (pri Joeju in Sue)

4. Kdaj uporabljamo svojilni ‘s in kdaj of?

Svojilno strukturo uporabljamo, kadar je prvi samostalnik ime živega bitja. V drugih primerih uporabimo ‘s ali of.

  • my mother’s house (NOT: the house of my mother)
  • the plan’s importance or the importance of the plan

Svojilno obliko uporabljamo, ko se nanašamo na določen čas, dan, teden …:

  • this evening’s performance
  • last Sunday’s paper
  • next year’s profits

TODA to ne velja, kadar gre za izražanje časa na splošno:

  • the nine o’clock news
  • a Sunday newspaper

Tečaj angleščine je priložnost za razrešitev marsikatere jezikovne dileme.

Preizkusite svoje znanje še z vajo v Virtualni Linguli.